Legislative Histories of Selected U.S. Laws
on the Internet: Free Sources

Part of LLSDC's Legislative Source Book

By Popular Name Order | By Public Law Number Order  | Explanatory Notes
See also Legislative Histories of U.S. Laws on the Internet: Commercial Sources

By Popular Name Order

Administrative Procedure Act, 1946 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 79-404, June 11, 1946, 60 Stat. 237
(5 USC 551 et seq.)

Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933 & subsequent farm legislation
Pub. L. 73-10, May 12, 1933, 48 Stat. 31 (NALC Leg. Hist.)
(7 USC § 601 et. seq.) (7 CFR Pt. 900 et. seq.)

American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act of 1994 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 103-412, Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4239 (H.R. 4833 - LoC)
(25 USC § 4001 et seq.) (25 CFR pt. 1200

Animal Welfare Act, 1966 & subsequent amdts (USDA Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 89-544, Aug. 24, 1966, 80 Stat. 350
(7 USC § 2131 et. seq.) (9 CFR pts. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Anti Car Theft Act of 1992 (DOJ Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 4542 - LOC)
Pub. L. 102-519, Oct. 25, 1992, 106 Stat. 3384
(49 USC § 30501 et seq.; 49 USC 33101 et seq. )

Antidumping Act of 1921 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Pub. L. 67-10, May 27, 1921, ch. 14, Title II, 42 Stat. 11
(19 USC §§ 160-171, repealed; see 19 USC § 1671 et. seq.)
(19 CFR pt. 351, 354)

Antitrust Civil Process Act of 1962
Pub. L. 87-664, 76 Stat. 548, Sept. 19, 1962 - (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Antitrust Procedures and Penalties Act (Tunney Act)
Pub. L. 93-538, 88 Stat. 1706, Dec. 21, 1974 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005
Pub. L. 109-8, April 20, 2005, 119 Stat, 23 (FRB Leg. Hist.) (S. 256 -LoC)
(11 USC § 101, et. seq.)

Captive Wildlife Safety Act, 2003
Pub. L. 108-191, 117 Stat. 2871, Dec. 19, 2003 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Child custody and visitation enforcement, 1998
Pub. L. 105-374, 112 Stat. 3383, Nov. 12, 1998 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Church Arson Prevention Act of 1996
Pub. L. 104-155, 110 Stat. 1392, July 3, 1996 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000
Pub. L. 106-185, 114 Stat. 203, Apr. 25, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Civil Rights Commission Act of 1983 & amdts (Hse Judiciary/U Md - Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 98-183, Nov. 30, 1983; 97 Stat. 1301 (H.R. 2230 - LoC)
(42 U.S.C. § 1975 et. seq.) (45 C.F.R. pt. 701 et. seq.)

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Pub. L. 92-583, Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1230
(16 USC §§ 1451-1464) (16 CFR pt. 923, 930)

Coastal Zone Management Act Amendments of 1976 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Pub. L. 94-370, July 26, 1976, 90 Stat. 1013 (S. 586 - LoC)
(16 USC §§ 1451-1464) (15 CFR pt. 923, 930)

Copyrights (Title 17 revision & codification, 1947 & related acts)
Selected historical documents (IP Mall) (does not include 1947 Act history)
Pub. L. 80-281, July 30, 1947, 61 Stat. 652
(17 USC § 101 et. seq.) (37 CFR Pt. 201 et. seq.)

Copyright Law: Revision and Recodification, 1976 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Pub. L. 94-553, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2541-2598 (S. 22 - LoC)
(17 USC § 101 et. seq.) (19 CFR pt. 133, 37 CFR pt. 201 et. seq.)

Criminal penalties for damage to religious property, 1988
Pub. L. 100-346, 102 Stat. 644, Jun. 24, 1988 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Dent act, 1919 (war contracts and expenses)
Pub. L. 65-322, 49 Stat. 1272, Mar. 2, 1919 DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Department of Commerce and Labor, an act to establish (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Pub. L. 57-87, Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, 32 Stat. 825
(15 USC §1501 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 0 et. seq.)

Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 1998 (IP Mall Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 105-304, Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2860 (H.R. 2281 - LoC)
(17 USC Ch 12 & 13)

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, 2010
(FRB Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 4173 - LoC)
Pub. L. 111-203, July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1376
(12 USC § 5301 et seq.)

Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986
Pub. L. 99-508, 100 Stat. 1848, Oct. 21, 1986 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Electronic Freedom of Information Amendments Act of 1996
(Leg. Hist. - Public Citizen) (H.R. 3802 - LoC)
Pub. L. 104-231, Oct. 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 3048
(5 U.S.C. § 552 note)

Endangered Species Act of 1973
Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, Dec. 28, 1973 (ESWR Leg. Hist.)
Also contains LH of 1976 and 1977 amdts - PL 94-325, 94-359, 95-212

Endangered Species Act, 2003 amendments re: DOD exempted areas
Pub. L. 108-136, 117 Stat. 1433, Nov. 24, 2003 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Enhanced Federal Security Act of 2000
Pub. L. 106-547, 114 Stat. 2738, Dec. 19, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Establish the Department of Justice, An act to; 1870
41st Cong., Sess. II, Ch. 150, 16 Stat. 162, Jun. 22, 1870 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Export Administration Act of 1972 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)

Pub. L. 92-412, Title I, Aug. 29, 1972, 86 Stat. 644-646
(50 USC App. 2401 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 730 et. seq.)

Export Administration Act of 1979 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 737 - LoC)
Pub. L. 96-72, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 503
(50 USC App. 2401 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 730 et. seq.)

Export Trading Act of 1982 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 734 - LoC)
Pub. L. 97-290, Title I, Oct. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 1233
(15 USC §§ 4001-4003) (no CFR cite)

False Claims Amendments Act of 1986
Pub. L. 99-562, 100 Stat. 3153, Oct. 27, 1986 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Federal Alcohol Administration Act, 1935 (Leg. Hist. via Internet Archive)
Pub. L. 74-401, Aug. 29, 1935, 49 Stat. 977
(27 USC 201 et. seq.) (27 CFR pt. 1 et. seq.)

Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 (renamed) (Leg. Hist. - DoL)
Pub. L. 91-173, Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 742
(30 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (Leg. Hist. - DoL) (S. 717 - LoC)
Pub. L. 95-164, Nov. 9, 1977, 91 Stat. 1290
(30 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Federal Register Act, 1935 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 74-220, ch. 417, July 26, 1935, 49 Stat. 500
(44 U.S.C. 1501 et. seq.) (1 C.F.R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Federal Reserve Act, 1913 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L.63-43, ch. 6, Dec. 23 1913, 38 Stat. 251
(12 U.S.C. 221 et. seq.) (12 C.F.R. pt. 201 et. seq.)

Federal Tort Claims Act, 1966 amendment
Pub. L. 89-506, 80 Stat. 306, July 18, 1966 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (DOJ Leg. Hist.) (S. 305 - LoC)
Pub. L. 95-213, Title I, Dec. 19, 1977, 91 Stat. 1494
(15 USC 78dd-1 et. seq.) (28 CFR pt. 80)

Freedom of Information Act, 1966, 1967 (GW U - Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 89-487, July 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 250 (Cmte Print) (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 90-23, June 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 54, 56 (5 USC 552)

Government in the Sunshine Act, 1976 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 5 - LoC)
Pub. L. 94-409, Sept. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 1241
(5 USC § 552b) (each agency has its own regs under Act)

Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (NARF Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 95-608, Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3069 (S. 1214 - LoC)
(25 USC 1901 et. seq.) (25 CFR pt. 23)

Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 1976 (IHS Leg. Hist.) (S. 522 - Loc)
Pub. L. 094-437, Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1400, et al.
(25 USC 1601 et seq.)

Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, 2011 (Pillsbury - requires registration)
Pub. L. 112-29, Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 284 (H.R. 1249 - LoC)
(35 USC 1 et seq.) (37 CFR pt. 1 et seq.)

Major Fraud Act of 1988
Pub. L. 100-700, 102 Stat. 4631, Nov. 19, 1988 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act of 2000
Pub. L. 106-523, 114 Stat. 2488, Nov. 22, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, 1990 (Natl Park Serv Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 101-601, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3048 (H.R. 5237 - LoC)
(25 USC 3001 et seq.) (43 CFR pt. 10)

Office of Government Ethics Authorization Act of 2001
Pub. L. 107-119, 115 Stat. 2382, Jan. 15, 2002 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Omnibus Crime Control Act, 1999 amend. to include railroad police in FBI training
Pub/. L. 106-110, 113 Stat. 1497, Nov. 24, 1999 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Patent Law: Revision and Codification, 1952 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Patent Laws - selected historical documents, 1790 to current (IP Mall)
Pub. L. 82-593, July 19, 1952, 66 Stat. 792
(35 USC § 1 et. seq.) (37 CFR pt. 1)

Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995
Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321, Apr. 26, 1996 Reams/Manz UM Leg. Hist.)

Privacy Act of 1974 (S. 3418 - LoC; Cmte Print Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 93-579, Sep. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 1241
(5 USC § 552a) (12 CFR pt. 261a)

Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993
Pub. L. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488, Nov. 16, 1993 (DOJ Leg. Hist.

Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000
Pub. L. 106-274, 114 Stat. 803, Sept. 22, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.

Reorganization Revision Plan No. 3 of 1979 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Reorganization plans became law if Congress failed to disapprove them
(See H. Res. 428 & S. Res. 245 - LoC)

Savings and loan holding companies act, 1959
Pub. L. 86-374, Sep. 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 691 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
(12 U.S.C. § 1467a) (12 C.F. R. pt. 238)

Social Security Act (SSA Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 74-271, Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620
(42 U.S.C. § 301 et seq.) (20 C.F.R. pt. 401 et. seq.)

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (H.R. 2 - LoC)
Pub. L. 95-87, Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 445 (Leg. Hist. - OSMRE)
(30 U.S.C. § 1201 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 700 et. seq.)

Technology Related Assistance for Individuals With Disabilities Act Amdts of 1994
Pub. L. 103-218, 108 Stat. 50, Mar. 9, 1994 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Telemarketing Fraud Prevention Act of 1998
Pub. L. 105-184, 112 Stat. 520, Jun. 23, 1998 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976
Pub. L. 94-469, 90 Stat. 2003, Oct. 11, 1976 (Cmte Print LH - Internet Archive)

Trade Act of 1974 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (H.R. 10710 - Loc)
Pub. L. 93-618, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 1978
(19 USC § 2101 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 2001 et. seq.)

Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (H.R. 4537 - LoC)
Pub. L. 96-39, July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 144
(19 USC § 2501 et. seq.) (no general CFR cite)

Trade and Tariff Act of 1984 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (H.R. 3398 - LoC)
Pub. L. 98-573, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3000
(19 USC § 2101 et. seq.) (no general CFR cite)

Trademark Laws (Lanham Act, 1946 et. al.)
Selected historical documents (IP Mall Leg. Histories) (incomplete)
Pub. L. 79-489, July 5, 1946, 60 Stat. 427
(15 USC § 1051 et. seq.)

Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 2000
Pub. L. 106-260, 114 Stat. 711, Aug. 18, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)

Truth in Lending Act, 1968 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 90-321, May 29, 1968, Title I, 82 Stat. 146
(15 U.S.C. § 1601 et seq.) (12 CFR pt. 226)

Uniform Code of Military Justice (Leg. Hist. - LoC)
Pub. L. 81-506, May 5, 1950, ch. 169, 64 Stat. 108
(10 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.)

USA PATRIOT ACT (Leg. Hist. - Center for Democracy)
Pub. L. 107-56, Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 272 (H.R. 3162 - LoC)
(18 USC § 2702 et. al.) (31 USC § 5311 et. al.)

War Crimes Act of 1996 (DOJ Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 3680 - Loc)
Pub. L. 104-192, Aug. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 2104
(18 USC 2441)


By Public Law Number Order

41st Cong., Sess. II, Ch. 150, 16 Stat. 162, Jun. 22, 1870 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Establish the Department of Justice, An act to; 1870

Pub. L. 57-87, Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, 32 Stat. 825 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Department of Commerce and Labor, an act to establish
(15 USC § 1501 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 0 et. seq.)

Pub. L.63-43, ch. 6, Dec. 23 1913, 38 Stat. 251
Federal Reserve Act, 1913 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
(12 U.S.C. 221 et. seq.) (12 C.F.R. pt. 201 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 65-322, 49 Stat. 1272, Mar. 2, 1919 DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Dent act, 1919 (war contracts and expenses)

Pub. L. 67-10, May 27, 1921, ch. 14, Title II, 42 Stat. 11
Antidumping Act of 1921 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (19 CFR pt. 351, 354)
(19 USC §§ 160-171, repealed; see 19 USC 1671 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 73-10, May 12, 1933, 48 Stat. 31 (NALC Leg. Hist.)
Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933 & subsequent farm legislation
(7 USC § 601 et. seq.) (7 CFR Pt. 900 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 74-220, ch. 417, July 26, 1935, 49 Stat. 500
Federal Register Act, 1935 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
(44 U.S.C. § 1501 et. seq.) (1 C.F.R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 74-271, Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620
Social Security Act (SSA Leg. Hist.)
(42 U.S.C. § 301 et seq.) (20 C.F.R. pt. 401 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 74-401, Aug. 29, 1935, 49 Stat. 977
Federal Alcohol Administration Act, 1935 (Leg. Hist. via Internet Archive)
(27 USC 201 et. seq.) (27 CFR pt. 1 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 79-404, June 11, 1946, 60 Stat. 237
Administrative Procedure Act, 1946 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
(5 USC 551 et seq.)

Pub. L. 79-489, July 5, 1946, 60 Stat. 427
Trademark Laws (Lanham Act, 1946 et. al.)
Selected historical documents  (IP Mall Leg. Histories) (incomplete)
(15 USC § 1051 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 80-281, July 30, 1947, 61 Stat. 652
Copyrights (Title 17 revision & codification, 1947 & related acts)
Selected historical documents (IP Mall) (does not include 1947 Act history)
(17 USC § 101 et. seq.) (37 CFR Pt. 201 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 81-506, May 5, 1950, ch. 169, 64 Stat. 108
Uniform Code of Military Justice (Leg. Hist. - LoC)
(10 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.)

Pub. L. 82-593, July 19, 1952, 66 Stat. 792
Patent Law: Revision and Codification, 1952 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
Patent Laws - selected historical documents, 1790 to current (IP Mall)
(35 USC § 1 et. seq.) ((37 CFR pt. 1)

Pub. L. 86-374, Sep. 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 691 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
Savings and loan holding companies act, 1959
(12 U.S.C. § 1467a) (12 C.F. R. pt. 238)

Pub. L. 87-664, 76 Stat. 548, Sept. 19, 1962 - (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Antitrust Civil Process Act of 1962

Pub. L. 89-487, July 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 250

and Pub. L. 90-23, June 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 54, 56 
Freedom of Information Act, 1966, 1967 (GW U - Leg. Hist.) (Cmte Print) (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
 (5 USC 552)

Pub. L. 89-506, 80 Stat. 306, July 18, 1966 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Federal Tort Claims Act, 1966 amendment

Pub. L. 89-544, Aug. 24, 1966, 80 Stat. 350 (USDA Leg. Hist.)
Animal Welfare Act, 1966 et. seq.
(7 USC § 2131 et. seq.) (9 CFR pts. 1, 2, 3, 4)

Pub. L. 90-321, May 29, 1968, Title I, 82 Stat. 146
Truth in Lending Act, 1968 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
(15 U.S.C. § 1601 et seq.) (12 CFR pt. 226)

Pub. L. 91-173, Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 742 (Leg. Hist. - DoL)
Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 (renamed)
(30 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 92-412, Title I, Aug. 29, 1972, 86 Stat. 644-646
Export Administration Act of 1972 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
(50 USC App. 2401 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 730 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 92-583, Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1230
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest)
(16 USC §§ 1451-1464) (16 CFR pt. 923, 930)

Pub. L. 93-205, 87 Stat. 884, Dec. 28, 1973 (ESWR Leg. Hist.)
Endangered Species Act of 1973
Also contains LH of 1976 and 1977 amdts - PL 94-325, 94-359, 95-212

Pub. L. 93-538, 88 Stat. 1706, Dec. 21, 1974 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Antitrust Procedures and Penalties Act (Tunney Act)

Pub. L. 93-579, Sep. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 1241
Privacy Act of 1974 (S. 3418 - LoC; Cmte Print Leg. Hist.)
(5 USC § 552a) (12 CFR pt. 261a)

Pub. L. 93-618, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 1978
Trade Act of 1974 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (H.R. 10710 - LoC)
(19 § USC 2101 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 2001 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 94-370, July 26, 1976, 90 Stat. 1013 (S. 586 - LoC)
Coastal Zone Management Act Amendments of 1976 (DoC LH)
(16 USC §§ 1451-1464) (15 CFR pt. 923, 930)

Pub. L. 94-409, Sept. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 1241
Government in the Sunshine Act, 1976 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 5 - LoC)
(5 USC § 552b) (each agency has its own regs under Act)

Pub. L. 94-437, Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1400, et al.
Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 1976 (IHS Leg. Hist.) (S. 522 - Loc)
(25 USC 1601 et seq.)

Pub. L. 94-469, 90 Stat. 2003, Oct. 11, 1976 (Cmte Print LH - Internet Archive)
Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976

Pub. L. 94-469, 90 Stat. 2003, Oct. 11, 1976 (Cmte Print LH - Internet Archive)
Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976

Pub. L. 94-553, Oct. 19, 1976, 90 Stat. 2541-2598
Copyright Law: Revision and Recodification, 1976
(DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 22 - LoC)
(17 USC § 101 et. seq.) (19 CFR pt. 133, 37 CFR pt. 201 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 95-87, Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 445 (Leg. Hist. - OSMRE)
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (H.R. 2 - LoC)
(30 U.S.C. § 1201 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 700 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 95-164, Nov. 9, 1977, 91 Stat. 1290 (Leg. Hist. - DoL)
Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (S. 717 - LoC)
(30 U.S.C. § 801 et seq.) (30 C.F. R. pt. 1 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 95-213, Title I, Dec. 19, 1977, 91 Stat. 1494 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (S. 305 - LoC)
(15 USC 78dd-1 et. seq.) (28 CFR pt. 80)

Pub. L. 95-608, Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3069 (S. 1214 - LoC)
Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (NARF Leg. Hist.)
(25 USC 1901 et. seq.) (25 CFR pt. 23)

Pub. L. 96-39, July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 144
Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (H.R. 4537 - LoC)
(19 USC § 2501 et. seq.) (no general CFR cite)

Pub. L. 96-72, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 503
Export Administration Act of 1979 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 737 - LoC)
(50 USC App. 2401 et. seq.) (15 CFR pt. 730 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 97-290, Title I, Oct. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 1233
Export Trading Act of 1982 (DOC Leg. Hist.; pin=guest) (S. 734 - LoC)
(15 USC §§ 4001-4003) (no CFR cite)

Pub. L. 98-183, Nov. 30, 1983; 97 Stat. 1301 (H.R. 2230 - LoC)
Civil Rights Commission Act of 1983 & amdts
(Hse Judiciary/U Md - Leg. Hist.) (S. 2372 - LoC)
(42 U.S.C. § 1975 et. seq.) (45 C.F.R. pt. 701 et. seq.)

Pub. L. 98-573, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3000
Trade and Tariff Act of 1984 (DOC Leg. Hist.' pin=guest) (H.R. 3398 - LoC)
(19 USC § 2101 et. seq.) (no general CFR cite)

Pub. L. 99-508, 100 Stat. 1848, Oct. 21, 1986 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Electronic Communications Privavcy Act of 1986

Pub. L. 99-562, 100 Stat. 3153, Oct. 27, 1986 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
False Claims Amendments Act of 1986

Pub. L. 100-346, 102 Stat. 644, Jun. 24, 1988 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Criminal penalties for damage to religious property, 1988

Pub. L. 100-700, 102 Stat. 4631, Nov. 19, 1988 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Major Fraud Act of 1988

Pub. L. 101-601, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3048 (Natl Park Serv Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 5237 - LoC)
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, 1990
(25 USC 3001 et seq.) (43 CFR pt. 10)

Pub. L. 102-519, Oct. 25, 1992, 106 Stat. 3384
Anti Car Theft Act of 1992 (DOJ Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 4542 - LOC)
(49 USC § 30501 et seq.; 49 USC 33101 et seq. )

Pub. L. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488, Nov. 16, 1993 (DOJ Leg. Hist.
Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993

Pub. L. 103-218, 108 Stat. 50, Mar. 9, 1994 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Technology Related Assistance for Individuals With Disabilities Act Amdts of 1994

Pub. L. 103-412, Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4239 (H.R. 4833 - LoC)
American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act of 1994 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
(25 USC § 4001 et seq.) (25 CFR pt. 1200

Pub. L. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321, Apr. 26, 1996 Reams/Manz UM Leg. Hist.)
Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995

Pub. L. 104-192, Aug. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 2104
War Crimes Act of 1996 (DOJ Leg. Hist.) (H.R. 3680 - Loc)
(18 USC 2441)

Pub. L. 104-155, 110 Stat. 1392, July 3, 1996 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Church Arson Prevention Act of 1996

Pub. L. 104-231, Oct. 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 3048 (Leg. Hist. - Public Citizen)
Electronic Freedom of Information Amdts Act of 1996
(H.R. 3802 - LoC) (5 U.S.C. § 552 note)

Pub. L. 105-184, 112 Stat. 520, Jun. 23, 1998 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Telemarketing Fraud Prevention Act of 1998

Pub. L. 105-304, Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2860 (H.R. 2281 - LoC)
Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 1998 (IP Mall Leg. Hist.)
(17 USC Ch 12 & 13)

Pub. L. 105-374, 112 Stat. 3383, Nov. 12, 1998 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Child custody and visitation enforcement, 1998

Pub/. L. 106-110, 113 Stat. 1497, Nov. 24, 1999 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Omnibus Crime Control Act, 1999 amend. to include railroad police in FBI training

Pub. L. 106-185, 114 Stat. 203, Apr. 25, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000

Pub. L. 106-260, 114 Stat. 711, Aug. 18, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Tribal Self-Governance Amendments of 2000

Pub. L. 106-274, 114 Stat. 803, Sept. 22, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.
Religious Land Use and Institutionalzed Persons Act of 2000

Pub. L. 106-523, 114 Stat. 2488, Nov. 22, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act of 2000

Pub. L. 106-547, 114 Stat. 2738, Dec. 19, 2000 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Enhanced Federal Security Act of 2000

Pub. L. 107-56, Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 272 (H.R. 3162 - LoC)
USA PATRIOT ACT (Leg. Hist. - Center for Democracy & Tech.)
(18 USC § 2702 et. al.) (31 USC § 5311 et. al.)

Pub. L. 107-119, 115 Stat. 2382, Jan. 15, 2002 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Office of Government Ethics Authorization Act of 2001

Pub. L. 108-136, 117 Stat. 1433, Nov. 24, 2003 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Endangered Species Act, 2003 amendments re: DOD exempted areas

Pub. L. 108-191, 117 Stat. 2871, Dec. 19, 2003 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Captive Wildlife Safety Act, 2003

Pub. L. 109-8, April 20, 2005, 119 Stat, 23 (FRB Leg. Hist) (S. 256 -LoC)
Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005
(11 USC § 101, et. seq.)

Pub. L. 111-203, July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1376
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, 2010
(FRB Leg. Hist) (H.R. 4173 - LoC)
(12 USC § 5301 et seq.)

Pub. L. 112-29, Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 284 (H.R. 1249 - LoC)
Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, 2011 (Pillsbury - requires registration)
(35 USC 1 et seq.) (37 CFR pt. 1 et seq.)


Explanatory Notes

 

The legislative history sites covering these legislative histories are jointly sponsored by the Society's Federal Law Libraries Special Interest Section and Legislative Research Special Interest Section. Many of the histories come from Federal agency libraries with special thanks to the U.S. libraries at the Federal Reserve Board, the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Justice. It is hoped that other agencies and firms will add their collections in the future.

Federal legislative histories are generally considered compilations of related documents to a specific U.S. public law that precede the law's enactment and that is how the term is used here.   The chronology of the bill's (or bills') development is normally set out as well, including related legislation in previous Congresses. Legislative histories assist Federal agencies and the courts to interpret the Congressional intent of various Federal laws or a law's provisions. The related listings to these notes are to individual laws in both alphabetical and public law number order with non-commercial histories having more detailed identifiers rather than just the popular name and public law number. The term "legislative history" is also, at times, given to related Congressional documents of both the original act and its subsequent amendments or to special collections of related documents on a particular topic like tax law or environmental law. These special collections are listed at the conclusion of the above lists. Finally, the term "legislative history" is sometimes given to mere descriptions of the historical development and perhaps the content of the original law and its amendments. However, the related lists to these notes only include histories with compiled Congressional documents related to a law and do not include those that only describe the history of a law.

Legislative history construction is a craft and relevant documents may not always be included, and sometimes, of course, not all of the documents to a history are available. Usually a legislative history includes the related public law, standing committee and conference reports, debates/discussion from the Congressional Record, various proposed bills in different versions, committee hearings, and perhaps a presidential signing statement, but more documents from different agencies and earlier congresses could be included as well. See Practitioner's Guide.

Many selected legislative histories that are listed and linked are available on the free Internet. However, certain Federal Reserve Board (FRB) legislative histories have been downloaded to an LLSDC site.

For U.S. Department of Commerce (DoC) legislative histories the pin number or word to the catalog is what you make it, The list suggests the word "guest." However, your Adobe Reader software must be at least version 6.0 or higher in order to view the PDF documents contained therein. The Pop-up blocker function on your browser should also be turned off.

In 2011, selected U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) legislative histories, produced by its library staff, have been placed on a public Internet site by the Department. These histories have largely been added without additional links to U.S.C., the C.F.R., and the Library of Congress (LoC). 

Library of Congress (LoC) bill histories, or list of actions, and bill summaries are prepared by its Congressional Research Service and made available from 1973 (93rd Congress) to the present through THOMAS, the Library's legislative database. Senate bill numbers begin with an "S." and House of Representatives bill numbers begin with an "H.R." From 1989 (101st Congress) to the present the text of bills and resolutions are available on THOMAS and linked to each of its bill status/summary reports. From 1995 (104th Congress) forward committee reports are linked to the those reports and from 1999 (106th Congress) forward Congressional Record pages are also linked to the list of actions on each bill report. Currently, congressional hearings and Presidential signing statements are about the only legislative history documents not linked to THOMAS bill reports. Congress.gov is replacing THOMAS but links on Congress.gov to bill texts and the Congressional Record do not go back to 1989 as they do on THOMAS.

Public law numbers that uniquely identify a U.S. law have been assigned to U.S. statutes since 1908. The first number identifies the two year Congress and the second number is chronologically assigned to laws as they are enacted. However, it was not until 1957 that public law numbers were officially used for citation purposes. Before that time chapter numbers, for each congressional session, had been assigned to both public and private laws with a "statute" containing all the chapters in a particular congressional session. Thus many laws might have the same chapter number, even within the same congress. From 1995 to the present the text of public laws are available in PDF from the U.S. Government Printing Offices's database, FDsys.

The date of a public law is the day that the President signs it into law or the date when both congressional chambers override his veto. It is also the laws's effective date unless provisions within the law indicate otherwise.

The U.S. Statutes At Large contains all the public and private laws of the United States enacted by Congress since 1789. The first number of a statute citation identifies the volume number of the U.S. Statutes at Large (currently a volume number is assigned to each congressional session) followed by the beginning page number for a particular law (or title or section within a law). See U.S. Statutes At Large: Documents and Information Included.

The United States Code (USC) is an updated subject arrangement of all general and permanent laws of United States still in force. It does not include annual appropriations, name changes on public buildings, repealed laws, and other local or non-permanent matters. The USC was originally enacted in 1926 as "prima facie" evidence of the law, not positive law. On the face of it, the U.S. Code is the law of that land, but it is rebuttable by the presentation of prior statutes at variance with it. However, over time about half the 50 titles of the U.S. Code have been enacted into positive law while repealing related prior laws. The first number in a USC citation is the title and the second number is generally the section number. Provisions of public laws assigned as notes to sections in the USC also have the force of law as do statutory provisions omitted as unnecessary from the Code, but not repealed. See United States Code: Historical Outline and Explanatory Notes.

The Office of the Law Revision Counsel in the U.S. House Representatives is empowered to assign Code cites to new statutory provisions, to prepare the official U.S. Code for publication, and to prepare non-positive law titles of the U.S. Code for enactment (2 USC § 285 et. seq.). The links to the USC on this page are to those presented by the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell Law School, which obtains its data in various releases from the Office of the Law Revision Counsel. However, regardless of the release date, all information is updated in January of each year and it is generally one and one half to three years behind the current date. To check if a provision has changed see the U.S. Code Classification Tables published on the Web by the Office. Generally, only the primary U.S. Code cite of a particular law is listed for each of the above laws.

Links to the current Code of Federal Regualtions (CFR) is to the unofficial Beta site (e-CFR) on GPO Access, not to its annual CFR site. Agency regulations, promulgated pursuant to law, are first published in the Federal Register in proposed or final form where they are accompanied by explanations in the preamble. The matter in the CFR is just the finalized text of the regulations. The first number of a CFR cite is to the title and the second is to the CFR part. As with USC cites usually only one primary CFR cite is listed with the above public laws. See: A Research Guide to the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations.


See also:

Federal Legislative History 101, 2014 (16 p. - PDF)
Federal Legislative History Research: A Practitioner's Guide
How A Bill Becomes a Law (by Rep. Bob Michel, from the 1985 Cong. Record)

Maintained by Rick McKinney, Assistant Law Librarian, Federal Reserve Board Law Library.

Please email your questions or comments to the Legislative SIS.

Last updated January 21, 2015