Laws and Links Related to General
Federal Agency Operations


Administrative Dispute Resolution Act, 1990 and of 1996
Pub. L. 101-552, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2736 (H.R. 2497)
Pub. L. 104-320, Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3870 (H.R. 4194)
(5 USC 571 et. seq.)

Administrative Procedure Act, 1946 (DOJ Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 79-324, June 11, 1946, 60 Stat. 237
(5 USC 551-559)

Annual Appropriations - See General & Government-Wide Provisions (not included in U.S.C.) in selected public laws for FY2016, FY2015, FY2014, FY2013, FY2012, FY2011, FY2010, FY2009, FY2008, FY2007, FY2006, FY2005, FY2004, FY2003

Anti-Deficiency Act (restrictions on appropriations - background via GAO)
Act of July 12, 1870, 41st Cong., ch. 252, § 7, 16 Stat. 251
See also R.S. § 3679 (1878) and 34 Stat. 49 (1906)
(31 USC 1341 et. seq., 31 USC 1511 et. seq.)

Buy American Act, 1933; Buy American Act of 1988
Pub. L. 72-428, Tit. III; March 3, 1933, 47 Stat. 1520
Pub. L. 100-418, Tit. VII, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1107, 1545 (H.R. 4848)
See also: Buy American Act provisions in above annual approp. - reporting requirements
(41 USC 8301 et seq.) (48 CFR 25)

Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990
Pub. L. 101-576, Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2838 (H.R. 5687)
(31 USC 901 et. seq.) (Nov. 17, 2005 hearing)

Chief Human Capital Officers Act of 2002
Pub. L. 107-296, Tit. XIII, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat 2135, 2287 (H.R. 5005)
(5 USC 1401 et. seq.) (OPM Resources) (CHCO Council)

Chief Information Officer provisions in E-Government Act of 2002
Pub. L. 107-347, Tit. I, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat 2899 (H.R. 2458)
(44 USC 3601 et. seq.) (OMB Guidance) (CIO Council)

Chief Privacy Officer provision, 2004
Pub. L. 108-447; Div. H, Tit. V, § 522, Dec. 8, 2004 118 Stat. 3268 (H.R. 4818)
(see also HR 10, HR 4414, HR 5291, S 2806) (42 USC 2000ee-2)

Congressional review of agency rulemaking (H.R. 3136)
Pub. L. 104-121, Tit. II-E, March 29, 1996, 110 Stat. 847, 868
(
5 USC 801-808) (no CFR cite)

Constitution Day and Citizenship Day - September 17 - agency employee education
Pub. L. 108-447, Div. J, Tit. I, § 111, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 2809, 3344 (H.R. 5005)
(36 USC 106 note) (OPM Intiative, Resources)

E-Government Act of 2002
Pub. L. 107-347, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat 2899 (H.R. 2458)
(44 USC 3601 et. seq., 44 USC 3501 note, 5 USC 3701 et. seq., 44 USC 3541 et. seq.)

Ethics in Government Act of 1978
Pub. L. 95-521, Oct. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 1824 (S. 555)
Ethics in Government Reform Act of 1989
Pub. L. 101-194, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1716 (H.R. 3660)
(5 USC App. 101 et. seq.) (5 CFR 2600-2699)

Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998
Pub. L. 105-270, Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2382 (S. 314)
(31 USC 501 note) (OMB guidelines)

Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007
P.L. 110-53, Sec. 804, 121 Stat. 362 (H.R. 1 and S. 236)
(42 USC 2000ee-3)

Federal employee annual satisfaction surveys
Pub. L. 108-136, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1641 (H.R. 1588 & H.R. 1836)
(5 USC 7101 note) (70 FR 54658)

Federal Employees Clean Air Incentives Act (encourages commuting together)
Pub. L. 103-172, Dec. 2, 1993, 107 Stat. 1995 (H.R. 3318) (H.R. 3318)
5 USC 7905

Federal Employees Health Benefits Act of 1959
PL 86-382, Sep. 28, 1959, 73 Stat. 708
(5 USC 8901 et. seq.) (5 CFR 890)

Federal Employees Pay Act of 1945
Pub. L. 79-105, Jun. 6, 1945, 59 Stat. 295
(5 USC 5101 et. seq.)

Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (1st FISMA - H.R. 5005)
Pub. L. 107-296, Tit. X, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2135, 2259
(44 USC 3531 et. seq.) (Pres. disregard statement)

Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (2nd FISMA - H.R. 2458))
Pub. L. 107-347, Tit. III, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat 2899, 2946; 116 Stat. 2946
(44 USC 3541 et. seq.) (5 CFR 930-C)

Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014
Pub. L. 113-283, Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 3073 (S. 2521)
44 USC 3551 et seq.

Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
Pub. L. 81-152, Jun. 6, 1949, 63 Stat. 377
(40 USC 101 et. seq.) (41 CFR 101)

Federal Register Act, 1935 (FRB Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 74-220, Jul. 26, 1935, 49 Stat. 500
(44 USC 1501-1511) (1 CFR 1-22) (Research Guide)

Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995
Pub. L. 104-66, Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 709 (S. 790)
(31 USC 1113 note)

Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 (H.R. 4328) (S.2176)
Pub. L. 105-277, Div. C, Tit. I, § 151(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-611
(5 USC 3345 et. seq.)

Federal Vehicle Repair Cost Savings Act of 2015
Pub. L. 114-65, Oct. 7, 2015, 129 Stat. 551 (S. 565)
(40 USC 17507 note)

Federal Workforce Flexibility Act of 2004
Pub. L. 108-411, Oct. 30, 2004, 118 Stat. 2305 (S. 129)
(5 USC 5753, 5754) (70 FR 25732)

Fly American Act, 1975 and 1980
Pub. L. 93-623, § 5, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2104 (S. 3481)
Pub. L. 96-192, Feb. 15, 1980, 94 Stat 44 ( S. 1300)
(49 USC 40118) (41 CFR 301-10.131-143)

Foreign Agents Registration Act, 1966 amendments
Pub. L. 89-486, Jul. 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 244
(22 USC 611)

Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act of 1966; largely repealed by 1967 amendments
Pub. L. 89-673, Oct. 19, 1966, 80 Stat. 952
Pub. L. 90-83, Sep. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 208
(22 USC 2621-2622) (5 USC 7342) (12 CFR 264b)

Foreign Gifts and Decorations Act, 1977 amdts (FRB Leg. Hist)
Pub. L. 95-105, § 515, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 862 (H.R. 6689))
(5 USC 7342) (68 FR 68720)

Freedom of Information Act (see FOIA Resources)
Pub. L. 89-487, Jul. 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 250
Pub. L. 90-23, Jun. 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 54 (to codify 5 USC 552)
(5 USC 552) (12 CFR 261) (DoJ site)

Government in the Sunshine Act, 1976 (DoC Leg. Hist.)
PL 94-409, Sep. 13, 1976, 90 Stat. 1241 (S. 5)
(5 USC 552b) (12 CFR 261b)

Government Losses in Shipment Act, 1937
Pub. L. 75-192, Jul. 8, 1937, 50 Stat. 479
(40 USC 17301 et. seq.) (31 CFR 361 & 362)

Government Paperwork Elimination Act, 1998
Pub. L. 105-277 Oct. 21, 1988, 112 Stat. 2681 (H.R. 4328; S. 2107)
(44 USC 3504 note)

Government Performance and Results Act of 1993
Pub. L. 103-62, Aug. 3, 1993, 107 Stat. 285 (S. 20)
(31 USC 1115-1119)

Hatch Act, 1939 (political activity by federal employees)
Pub. L. 76-252, Aug. 2, 1939, 53 Stat. 1147
(5 USC 7321-7326) (5 CFR 733 & 734)

Improper Payments Information Act of 2002
Pub. L. 107-300, Nov. 26, 2002, 116 Stat. 2350 (H.R. 4868)
(31 USC 3321 note) (OMB guidance) (2005 hearing)

Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Improvement Act of 2012
Pub. L. 112-248, Jan. 10, 2013, 126 Stat. 2390 (H.R. 4053)
(31 U.S.C. 3321 note)

Information quality act (Data quality act), 2000 (H. Rept. pp. 54-55)
Pub. L. 106-554, App. C, § 515, Dec. 12, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763A-153 (H.R. 4871)
(not in USC)

Inspector General Act of 1978 & 1988 amdts
Pub. L. 95-452, Oct. 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 1101 (H.R. 8588)
Pub. L. 100-504, Oct. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 2515 (S. 908)
(5 USC Appendix)  (Council of the Inspector General)

Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990
Pub. L. 101-648, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4969 (S. 303)
(5 USC 561-570a) (CRS Rept.)

Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimnation and Retaliation (No FEAR) Act
Pub. L. 107-174; 116 Stat. 566, May 5, 2002 (H.R. 169)
(5 USC 2301 note) (69 FR 3483)

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 1995
Pub. L. 96-511, Dec. 11, 1980, 94 Stat. 2812 (H.R. 6410)
Pub. L. 104-13, May 22, 1995, 109 Stat. 163 (S. 244)
(44 USC 3501-3520) (5 CFR 1320)

Plain Writing Act of 2010
Pub. L. 111-274, Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2861 (H.R. 946)
(5 USC 301 note) (OMB Guidance Memo M-11-15)

Privacy Act of 1974 (Cmte Print Leg. Hist.)
Pub. L. 93-579, Dec. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 1896 (S. 3418)
(5 USC 552a) (12 CFR 261a)

Prompt Payment Act, 1982
Pub. L. 97-177, May 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 85 (S. 1131)
(31 USC 3901-3907) (5 CFR 1315)

Sec. 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (elec. info accessibility) (H.R. 1385)
Pub. L. 105-220, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 903, 1203 (H.R. 1385)
(29 USC 794d), (36 CFR 1194)

Whistleblower Protection Act 1989 (S. 20)
Pub. L. 101-12, Apr. 4, 1989, 103 Stat. 16
(5 USC 1201 et. seq.) (5 CFR 1200 et. seq. & 1800 et. seq.)

 


Explanatory Notes

This site is jointly sponsored by the Society's Federal Special Interest Section and Legislative Research Special Interest Section. Suggestions of other laws to add are welcome.

Public law numbers (Pub. L. ##-###) that uniquely identify a U.S. law have been assigned to U.S. statutes since the 60th Congress (1907-1909). The first number identifies the two year Congress and the second number is chronologically assigned to laws as they are enacted. However, it was not until 1957 that public law numbers were officially used for citation purposes. Before that time chapter numbers, for each congressional session, had been assigned to both public and private laws with a "statute" containing all the chapters in a particular congressional session. Thus many laws might have the same chapter number, even within the same congress. From 1995 to the present the text of public laws are available in PDF on FDSys.The date of a public law is the day that the President signs it into law or the date when both congressional chambers overide his veto. It is also the laws's effective date unless provisions within the law indicate otherwise.

The U.S. Statutes At Large contains all the public and private laws of the United States enacted by Congress since 1789. The first number of a statute citation (## Stat. ###) identifies the volume number of the U.S. Statutes at Large (currently a volume number is assigned to each congressional session) followed by the beginning page number for a particular law (or title or section within a law). See United States Statutes At Large: Documents and Information Included

Library of Congress bill histories, or list of actions, bill summaries, and related links are prepared by its Congressional Research Service and made available from 1973 (93rd Congress) to the present through Congress.gov, the Library's legislative database. Senate bill numbers begin with an "S." and House of Representatives bill numbers begin with an "H.R." From 1989 (101st Congress) to the present the text of bills and resolutions are available on Congress.gov and linked to each of its bill status/summary reports. From 1995 (104th Congress) forward committee reports are linked to the those reports and from 1999 (106th Congress) forward Congressional Record pages are also linked to the list of actions on each bill report. Currently, congressional hearings and Presidential signing statements are about the only legislative history documents not linked to Congress.gov bill reports.

The United States Code (USC) is an updated subject arrangement of all general and permanent laws of United States still in force. It does not include annual appropriations, name changes on public buildings, repealed laws, and other local or non-permament matters. The U.S. Code was originally enacted in 1926 as "prima facie" evidence of the law, not positive law. On the face of it, the U.S. Code is the law of that land, but it is rebuttable by the presentation of prior statutes at variance with it. However, over time about half the 50 titles of the U.S. Code have been enacted into positive law while repealing related prior laws. The first number in a USC citation is the title and the second number is generally the section number. Provisions of public laws assigned as notes to sections in the USC also have the force of law as do statutory provisions omitted as unnecessary from the Code, but not repealed. See United States Code: Historical Outline and Explanatory Notes.

The Office of the Law Revision Counsel in the U.S. House Representatives is empowered to assign Code cites to new statutory provisions, to prepare the official U.S. Code for publication, and to prepare non-positive law titles of the U.S. Code for enactment (2 USC § 285 et. seq.). The links to the USC on this page are to those presented by the Legal Information Institute of the Cornell Law School, which obtains its data in various releases from the Office of the Law Revision Counsel. However, regardless of the release date, all information is updated in January of each year and it is generally one or two years behind the current date. To check if a provision has changed see the U.S. Code Classification Tables published on the Web by the Office. Generally, only the primary U.S. Code cite of a particular law is listed for each of the above laws.

Links to the current Code of Federal Regualtions (CFR) is to the unofficial Beta site (e-CFR) site, not to its annual authenticated CFR site. Agency regulations, promulgated pursuant to law, are first published in the Federal Register in proposed or final form where they are accompanied by explanations in the preamble. The matter in the CFR is just the finalized text of the regulations. The first number of a CFR cite is to the title and the second is to the CFR part. As with USC cites usually only one primary CFR cite is listed with the above public laws. See A Research Guide to the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations.


Compiled and maintained by Richard J. McKinney, Assistant Law Librarian, Federal Reserve Board Law Library

Last updated on May 24, 2016

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